How washing machines work

washing machine repair types in nairobi kenya


The history of the washing machine goes back to the earliest civilizations, as people tried to find ways to wash their clothes and fabrics effectively. The first washing machines were invented in the 1700s and were made of wood and powered by hand.

These early washing machines were called mangles and were used to wash clothes by pressing them between rollers. In the 1800s, steam-powered washing machines were invented, and in the early 1900s, electric washing machines were introduced.

These early washing machines were large and heavy and were typically made of metal. In the 1950s, washing machines became smaller and more efficient, and by the 1970s, they were made in a variety of colors and designs. Today, washing machines are an essential household appliance and come in a wide range of sizes and styles to suit different needs and preferences.


Washing machines work by using a combination of water, detergent, and mechanical action to clean clothes. When you load your dirty laundry into a washing machine, the machine adds water and detergent to the tub. The tub then agitates the clothes, using either a paddle or an impeller, to loosen and remove dirt and stains.

The water is then drained, and the clothes are rinsed by being repeatedly swirled through clean water. Once the wash cycle is finished, the machine will spin to remove excess water from the clothes, and then the clothes can be dried either in the machine or by other means.


A washing machine typically has several parts that work together to clean clothes. Here are some of the main parts of a washing machine:

Drum or tub: This is the part of the machine where the clothes are placed. The drum rotates to agitate the clothes and help remove dirt and stains.

Agitator: This is a rod or column that sticks up from the center of the drum and helps to move the clothes around in the wash.

Motor: The motor powers the drum and agitator, allowing them to rotate and move the clothes during the wash cycle.

Water inlet valve: This valve controls the flow of water into the washing machine and is usually located near the back of the machine.

Detergent dispenser: This is a compartment where you can add laundry detergent and other laundry aids, such as fabric softener or bleach.

Control panel: This is the part of the machine where you can select the wash cycle, set the water temperature, and start the machine.

Door or lid: This is the opening where you can load and unload the clothes from the drum.

Pump: The pump helps to circulate the water and remove it from the drum after the wash cycle is complete.